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Different Shades of Black: An Analysis of The Darkness Series

It's not often where we see two different developers work on the same IP in a series. But with the Darkness we got an interesting situation of two games, with very different design between them.

Josh Bycer, Blogger

January 14, 2013

8 Min Read

It's not often where we see two different developers work on the same IP in a series. But with the Darkness we got an interesting situation of two games, with very different design between them.

Reprinted from my Site: Game-Wisdom

When it comes to First Person Shooters, I prefer those of the non military kind, where it's not so much about chest covered wall and more about monsters and special abilities. The Darkness 1 and 2, based on the comic book of the same name delivered on that front.

While creating a game off of another property is a challenge in of itself. What is more interesting is how two games in the same series, differed so much based on the design philosophies of the two studios that made them.


The Darkness

The Darkness 2

Creeping Through The Shadows:

The following post contains spoilers for both The Darkness 1 and 2. You've been warned.

The first Darkness came out in 2007 and was done by Starbreeze Studios. Starbreeze is most likely known for the development of The Chronicles of Riddick: Escape From Butcher Bay. The game was a first person shooter that combined stealth, hand to hand fighting, gun play, exploration and an engaging story together. It also managed to be a more successful platform for the Riddick brand then the movie that came out at the same time.

Riddick really showcased Starbreeze's talents for not only having great gameplay, but building the world around the player. Exploring the different areas of Butcher Bay and interacting with the people was a major point of the title. It was this kind of attention to detail that Starbreeze brought over for The Darkness.

In the game, players control Jackie Estacado, a low level gangster working for the New York Mafia. On his 21th birthday Jackie discovers that he is the next vessel for a creature called “the darkness" that grants him demonic powers. These powers came in handy when his uncle who runs the Mob decides to have him killed.

The Darkness was played in first person, as Jackie could use guns or his various powers to deal with any threat. The dynamic of having the darkness was that Jackie was more powerful standing in shadows, and weaker in light. This required the player to shoot out any light sources and retreat to the shadows to heal.

The Darkness

The Darkness 2

The theme of being tormented by the darkness is constant throughout both games.

As the game went on, the player would unlock other abilities that would play into puzzle solving and combat. For example, summoning a tentacle that could extend out to kill enemies or knock out lights.

Besides these one off powers, the player could summon minions called Darklings that each had a specific purpose.

The level design and progression stood out from other shooters thanks to Starbreeze's influence. Instead of each level existing in a vacuum, the player could explore the streets of New York and take the subway to the different areas. There were a lot of collectibles and side quests for the player to find, and this helped give the world some flavor.

The Darkness moved at a slower paced compared to other FPS titles. This allowed the story and the characters to stand out more. The best example of this and one of the most heartwarming moments I've seen in any video game came early in the title.

Before going out for a mission, Jackie visited his girlfriend's apartment. Where if the player felt inclined, they could put aside the mission and watch To Kill a Mockingbird with her. Now this wasn't a cut scene or time lapse, but the actual full length movie. During which they sit together and just relax in each other's arms.

This scene became all the more touching with what happens to her a few missions later. Where she is killed by Jackie's uncle and he is powerless to stop him, due to the Darkness holding him back.

While The Darkness had great moments like that, the rest of the time wasn't as poignant. The side quests from earlier required the player to backtrack through the city, dealing with 30 to 40 second load times each time.

The gunplay wasn't that satisfying in my opinion, as you mainly fought random mafia goons and some darkness monsters. But you always outgunned the enemies thanks to your dual weapons and darkness powers.

The powers themselves, while useful for puzzle solving did feel a little bloated by the half way point. As you accumulated multiple powers, darklings and even a darkness gun that began to overwhelm the player. Now having all these options would have been good, if there were multiple ways of proceeding through the levels.

Instead, the game was very linear and every firefight went the same way. Enemies were of your usual charge at you design and were all just fodder for the player. The boss fights required a little more thought to deal with them, but nothing too complex.

The whole idea of exploring New York for side quests and collectibles was good, expect for technical issues. As mentioned earlier, each area had 30 to 40 second loading screens. Similar to the game Splatterhouse, these extended loading times just killed the pacing of the game and made it hard to keep exploring.

Average reviews of The Darkness led to the sequel being given to a new developer and while it wasn't as innovative, the new developers definitely ran with it.

Bloodbaths in the Dark:

The Darkness 2 developed by Digital Extremes, was a much leaner experience. No more city exploration, heavy storyline, or huge arsenal of powers, but what was left was more cohesive compared to the first game.

Jackie's darkness powers have been toned down to a melee attack, grabbing objects with a tentacle, interacting with one darkling, a gun power up skill, and a black hole and insect swarm attack for dealing with crowds of enemies. There are no more puzzles or long stealth sections, but just straight up action and boss fights.

The Darkness

The Darkness 2

The multiple skill trees gave the player more freedom in defining their tactics in The Darkness 2.

Improving Jackie was done from darkness hubs scattered around each level. The player earned points for killing enemies with different weapons and tactics which can be put into three different skill trees.

Where The Darkness 2 excelled over the first game and other shooters in general, was with the gunfights.

One of the problems in shooters where the player has a wide variety of special powers is providing adequate challenges. Most shooters either swarm the player with basic enemies, or have enemies that are supposed to be stronger but play by different rules then the player, such as the Big Daddies from Bioshock.

But here, the plot has the player fighting against a group that has been studying the darkness for years and have developed ways to fight it. As in the first game, the player was weakened when standing in light and the enemies this time around knew it. Some enemies threw flares at the player or use hand held spotlights to blind and weaken them.

Later enemies would even use some of the darkness powers including armor, or a tentacle to pull the weapons out of the player's hands. These enemies force the player out of their comfort zone as the superior force on the field, and require them to adapt to the enemy tactics.

But where The Darkness 2 really impressed is with the online co-op mode. The co-op campaign ran parallel to the main story, featuring a group of assassins who each used a different darkness power. Each one had a different weapon and skill trees that can be upgraded. This type of asymmetrical co-op design is one of my favorites as it really makes the group greater than the sum of its parts.

How They Stacked Up:

Overall I found my opinion more favorable towards the The Darkness 2 then the first. While the first one had the better story, the gameplay was more refined in the sequel. In my opinion it felt like Starbreeze was reaching further out with their version of The Darkness and didn't quite make it. While Digital Extremes on the other hand, went for something not as complex, but nailed more of the elements.

The Darkness

The Darkness 2

One of the four playable characters for the co-op mode. Featuring his own back story and unique abilities.

It seems that my opinion is in the minority as on Metacritic the first Darkness had an average of 82, while the sequel was at 77 (At the original time of this post.) I'm really saddened by the fact that the co-op mode didn't stick out among gamers, as it elevated the gameplay.

Creating an asymmetrical co-op experience is tricky and I would have liked to have seen it fleshed out either in a new game, or with DLC.

Currently there are no plans to continue the series, which made the cliff hanger ending of the second one all the more annoying. But who knows at this point, maybe a third developer will step in and continue the trend of changing the gameplay. 

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About the Author(s)

Josh Bycer


For more than seven years, I have been researching and contributing to the field of game design. These contributions range from QA for professional game productions to writing articles for sites like Gamasutra and Quarter To Three. 

With my site Game-Wisdom our goal is to create a centralized source of critical thinking about the game industry for everyone from enthusiasts, game makers and casual fans; to examine the art and science of games. I also do video plays and analysis on my Youtube channel. I have interviewed over 500 members of the game industry around the world, and I'm a two-time author on game design with "20 Essential Games to Study" and "Game Design Deep Dive Platformers."

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