Featured Blog

Perceptions of Randomness, Social Games and Game Design

Should games be designed to be won by skill or by perceived"luck"? Find out in this latest blog post Michael. This post was first published as part of a series that discusses social game design.

I thought I’d share a link to an article with you that I came across. It’s from the CEO of Manifesto Games (and he is also a game design expert), Greg Costikyan, about randomness in game design and whether it’s good or bad to include it in game mechanics. Can it be used to game designers’ advantage to improve the gameplay experience?

As we’ve discussed in previous posts, when it comes to events that have randomness in them, like most games, rather than seeing them as such, people will impose patterns on the events by default, because our brains evolved to see patterns in most events even if there were none present. As Costikyan also speaks to our previous points, randomness is viewed by some as not just merely a feature of gameplay, but also as “divinatory.”

So why is this post worth a mention? From a game design perspective, the concept of randomness continues to fascinate us, and is especially useful, when trying to determine if games should be designed to be won by skill and not by perceived “luck.”

As Costikyan explains, we’re likely to think less of a game if we think we won it based on luck. However, sometimes it favours the game designer to imply this sense of luck in game designs because it engages the player more in gameplay (when in actuality, other elements are actually at work, like intention, choice, strategy and meaning).

If a player thinks they can predict the outcome of that next dice roll, even better! Ayogo has released lottery games (based upon random number generators) and found that people use the forums to share “strategies” for picking the numbers!

Even in a game of chance that relies on so many small random occurrences that they smooth out over time, (so the outcome of the game is more and more likely to be dictated by strategy than by chance), the outcome in rare cases can be dictated by chance. This oculd surely be frustrating to some players.

To echo Costikyan’s thoughts, there are instances when a degree of randomness plays an important, and useful, role in a design, even if players might find the game unsatisfying. Leveraging this knowledge and working it to harness it to beneficial effect is a goal many game designers should think about.

Some have argued that Costikyan’s analysis is based on competition based games, and that we also have to take into account the social interaction component of why we play games.

While Costikyan hints at this point in his “levelling the playing field” game example, it’s worth mentioning that there is commonly a need to relieve social tensions which tend to build up in competitive situations and randomness is one way of doing that. So for example, I win because of my brilliant play, and lose because of bad luck. I’ll let you dive into the article. Let me know what you think. Email me at michael at ayogo dot com or better yet, leave a comment.


Latest Jobs

Xbox Game Studios

Redmond, Washington
Technical Lighting Artist


Hamburg, Germany
Game Designer - Elvenar

Six Foot

Houston, TX
Six Foot Director, Player Relations

Hometopia Inc.

Lead Engineer
More Jobs   


Explore the
Subscribe to
Follow us

Game Developer Job Board

Game Developer Newsletter


Explore the

Game Developer Job Board

Browse open positions across the game industry or recruit new talent for your studio

Subscribe to

Game Developer Newsletter

Get daily Game Developer top stories every morning straight into your inbox

Follow us


Follow us @gamedevdotcom to stay up-to-date with the latest news & insider information about events & more