["The industry across all segments appears to be treading water in terms of retail," says Gamasutra analyst Matt Matthews, who examines recent U.S. retail sales data in his latest Behind the Numbers column.
In the last column, I looked over the current U.S. hardware sales
situation and laid out where the market has gone so far in 2012. The picture is not pleasant for anyone, but there are still opportunities for a turnaround later this year.
Today I want to turn to U.S. retail software and accessories sales, and the larger content market where -- unfortunately -- more bad news can be found.
Previously I've pointed to the collapse of the Nintendo Wii and music game markets as primary factors in the decline in U.S. retail software sales over the past few years. After the first two months of 2012, however, the malaise appears to have spread to the Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3 software markets.
For example, software revenue for the Wii is down by over 50 percent so far this year, a number almost perfectly in line with hardware sales for that system. On the Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3, sales in February were down a combined 13 percent, according to Wedbush analyst Michael Pachter.
In speaking to the same issue, analysts for Piper Jaffray noted that "software sales for [the HD consoles] were down double-digits for the second month in a row" in February.
The two HD consoles make up well over half of the total software revenue each month, so just as when the Wii and music segments began to collapse, any major change to their sales is going to have a significant effect on the view of the industry as a whole.
To see just how big the change has been, consider the figure below which shows the total software revenue in January and February of the eight years.
As it turns out, I estimate that the drop in Wii software this year in absolute terms
is still contributing about twice as much to the industry's revenue problems as is the drop in HD console software. The real issue, I think, isn't the size of the decline but the fact that HD console software had been seen as a foundation of growth for the present and through at least this year. With that foundation weaker, it becomes a very real question where, if anywhere, the retail industry can eke out some growth this year.
Wedbush's Pachter is certainly not willing to give up just yet, and pointed to Mass Effect 3
as an upcoming support in March. He added that "May is looking great with Ghost Recon
and Max Payne 3
Analysts for Piper Jaffray were less confident, and attributed the current difficulties to "fatigue in demand for HD console software," specifically as "casual gamers who tend to purchase major titles several weeks or months after launch are having less impact on the market."
For example, sales of Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 3
were down 50 percent in February compared to sales of Call of Duty: Black Ops
a year ago. Even then, Modern Warfare 3
was still the top-selling game for February ahead of several new multiplatform releases like Final Fantasy XIII-2
, UFC Undisputed 3
, and Kingdoms of Amalur: Reckoning
Given the relative change in Modern Warfare 3
sales and the fact that Kingdoms of Amalur sold 330,000 copies across its three platforms
, we can estimate that these top four titles for February probably brought in less than 1.5 million units combined. Both Final Fantasy
and UFC Undisputed
were million-sellers by themselves in their opening months, just a few short years ago.
Twisted Metal (2012)
, while not necessarily a system-selling exclusive, put up a very respectable 221,000 copies in its first month
. According to Rentrak, which began publishing weekly sales charts last year, it was still the tenth best-selling game in the first week of March
Since it's the first anniversary of the Nintendo 3DS launch, it's helpful here to look back and see what the top-selling games were for the first 12 months.. The chart below shows that list:
Nintendo has actually released a slightly different chart with Mario Kart 7
and Super Mario 3D Land
reversed, but I believe that chart does not include software bundled with hardware. Given that little twist, we can deduce that over 400,000 units of the Nintendo 3DS hardware have actually been the special Super Mario 3D Land
I'm impressed with the timing of the software releases in this chart. Other than the three launch titles (Super Street Fighter IV 3D
, Pilotwings Resort
, and LEGO Star Wars III
), we have June (Ocarina of Time
), September (Starfox 64 3D
), October (Pokemon Rumble Blast
), November (Super Mario 3D Land
and Sonic Generations
), and December (Mario Kart 7
For the time being, I'm willing to grant that Nintendo and third parties are keeping the software coming in an uninterrupted stream. Whether they can keep this up long term is something to watch closely, especially whether it is paying dividends for both Nintendo and its software partners.
To finish today, I want to look outside the traditional new retail software channel, where content is still being sold but through direct-to-consumer digital channels.
One way of seeing this is to see how much is spent on points cards at retail, which are then redeemed for software or services at home on a console, handheld, or PC. According to Liam Callahan, analyst for the NPD Group, the February 2012 dollar value of points cards was down 13 percent from the value a year earlier. Because we have data from last year and February 2010
, we can actually get a 3-year trend for this single month.
It would be ideal to break out the points cards sales a bit more, but this data suggests that points cards and the digital channel are not accounting for much -- if any -- of the decrease in retail software sales. We cannot make an absolute statement, because every digital retailer takes credit and debit cards thereby cutting out the retail connection completely.
The 13 percent decline from last year is slower than the contraction in accessories overall, since the balance of the accessory segment shrank by 17 percent. Regardless, software sales aren't getting much of a boost through this retail side channel.
I should note that total retail points cards sales for the year so far (January and February together) is up 2 percent over that two month period in 2011. It is entirely possible that the data varies greatly from month to month, and so I caution you to view the February-specific data with a skeptical eye.
It's not that the data is wrong, but rather that it may provide too limited a picture for overly broad generalizations. For example, it would be quite interesting to find out how the Call of Duty
DLC release schedule correlates to sales of points cards for Xbox Live and the PlayStation Network.
For the first time that I can recall the NPD Group has commented on the extra-retail content sales for a specific month. Typically, they release that "Total Consumer Spend Estimate" on a quarterly basis, not a monthly one. (For more background on this TCSE report, I recommend the brief interview I did with Mr. David McQuillan, President of the Games Division at the NPD Group, last October
According to Anita Frazier, analyst for the NPD Group, money spent on "other methods to acquire content including used games, full game and add-on content downloads, social network games, mobile games, rentals and subscriptions accounted for an additional $550 - $600 million in sales."
That sounds remarkable, since the total spent on software at retail was only $464.4 million for that same month.
However, out of that $550-$600 million, I estimate that around 20 percent came from used game sales at GameStop. That brings the total spent on new game content somewhere below $440-$500 million. If we add in rental games, then consumer dollars that trickle down to developers and publishers goes down even more.
This isn't to dismiss that other segment entirely, mind you. A total of over $400 million in a month is still a gigantic pile of revenue, and much of that may have a higher margin for the producers of the content. Let's just be clear that there isn't any direct comparison between new retail products and these other content sales.
The final point I want to make is that even on the high end of $600 million for February 2012, that content market outside of new retail products may end up being down year-over-year when the first quarter figures are released this summer.
According to previous data released by the NPD Group
, the market outside of new retail products came to $1.9 billion during the first quarter of 2011. If January and March have sales like February, then the extra-retail market would at best
increase to just around $2.0 billion for the first quarter of 2012, or an increase of only 5 percent. That's barely enough growth to guarantee that the industry will come out flat across retail and non-retail by the end of March, if the 30 percent decline in retail software continues through March.
Essentially, the industry across all segments appears to be treading water in terms of retail. It's entirely possible that the shift to a majority of digitally distributed content will take place in this flat market situation, and ultimately retail will stop contracting. Then growth in the digital economy can push the full industry up overall instead of simply substituting for lost retail sales.
I'm quite pleased to see the NPD Group release more information about consumer spending, even if I think there may be some questions about the margin of error in their data. Let's be honest: it's an extremely difficult measurement they're trying to make, and the NPD Group may be the only company with the background, resources, and data streams to do it well.
Which is why I will again ask for more transparency from companies like Microsoft, Sony, and Nintendo. These companies are fully aware of how much software they each are selling through their respective digital channels. As long as the retail armageddon continues to dominate the headlines, investors will remain skittish about the prospects for a turnaround in the video game industry.
Perhaps if we had more information like the data contained in page 10 from the latest Electronic Arts investor presentation
, we might have a clearer picture how much growth there is outside of retail.